The septic system is an expedient onsite domestic treatment plant for wastewater and sewage. It is suitable for installation in residential properties which do not have a direct connection to the main local sewage networks. Basically, this treatment structure biological agents such as bacteria to break down and also mineralise the waste. The resulting effluent is released into disposal structures such as peat moss beds, drain fields and fibre filter plants.
A high-quality septic system will provide your home with long-term service without extensive repair requirements. However, the efficiency of the treatment structure can decline over time due to heavy usage. Here are some tips to help you improve the septic system and limit the risk of failure:
Regulate Waste Disposal
The domestic septic system is vulnerable to damage when waste is disposed into the tank indiscriminately. Some types of materials are not easy to decompose through the biological actions of bacteria. This means that the non-biodegradable waste will slow down the system and even cause clogging. You should avoid flushing items such as cotton buds, sanitary towels, diapers and cigarette butts into the septic tank.
Oils and greases are also hard to break down therefore limit excessive disposal of such materials. In addition, you should note that excess sodium in the effluent will lead to binding of clay and silt particles in the drain field. This reaction is known as sodium binding and it will cause effluent drainage failure. You should minimize the use of excess detergents since they contain sodium compounds and avoid flushing salt water down the drains.
The septic tank has an established biological balance which allows the bacteria to act on the sewage with high efficiency. Unfortunately, this balance can be easily offset by constant addition of water. Basically, the wastewater from bathrooms, toilet, kitchen and the laundry machine will increase the total volume of material in the tank.
The existing bacteria will be unable to handle the material effectively. You should limit this by fixing leaks in your home, washing small loads of clothes at a time and installing low-flow toilets. It is also recommended to avoid pouring in liquids such as bleaches, pesticides or lye because they will cause bacterial death.
Regular maintenance of the septic system will ensure that the performance remains consistent. Moreover, you will be able to identify problems in the early stages and resolve them before breakdown. Important tasks include pumping out the system every two or three years and replacing old pipes in the system.
To learn more, contact a company like Econocycle with any questions you have.